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Wheat ( lat.  Tríticum ) - genus of herbaceous , mostly annual , family of plants grasses, or Poa ( Poaceae ), a leading grain crop in many countries. 


Obtained from the grains of wheat flour used in the baking of bread , production of pasta and confectionery products. Wheat is also used as a fodder crop, in Russia wheat is included in some recipes for making beer and vodka .


Varieties and types of wheat.

Varieties of wheat very much. These plants are quite complex classification section comprising, types and subtypes, and about 10 hybrids as intra- and intergeneric. There are the following types of wheat:

  • annuals
  • two-year

Spring wheat and winter - the differences.

Expiring crop stands:

  • Spring wheat - it is sown from March to May, maturing within 100 days frost-free; clean it at the beginning of autumn. More drought-resistant than winter wheat, has excellent baking properties.
  • Winter wheat - it is sown in late summer to mid-autumn crop yields in the early to mid-summer next year. It gives a higher yield, but prefers areas with a mild climate and snowy winter.

Soft wheat and hard.

Types of grain hardness of wheat:

  • soft wheat - has a wider and shorter and shorter ear or missing spine. This type is characterized by a high content of protein and gluten. 
  •  durum wheat - has ears, a tight-fitting exterior films have not showered grain, but they are harder to identify. It has a rich yellow color and a pleasant odor. Durum wheat is used to make pasta.


Rye and wheat - differences.


Rye and wheat - one of the most popular and essential cereals. These grains have external similarity, but also many differences.

Varieties of wheat are much more varied than the rye variety.

Wheat has a wider application than rye.

The grains have a different appearance and chemical composition.

Wheat is more demanding to the soil and climate than rye